The Serengeti is home to the Great Migration and forms the world’s greatest ecosystem with the Masai Mara Reserve. The Ngorongoro Crater is the world’s largest unbroken caldera and before its volcano erupted, it housed Africa’s highest mountain, towering over Mount Kilimanjaro. The Selous Game Reserve is the biggest wildlife area in the world and the Ruaha Reserve is not much smaller. Also don’t forget about the island paradise of Zanzibar!
Tanzania is home to three of Africa’s Great Lakes: Lake Victoria (world’s largest tropical lake), Lake Tanganyika (second deepest in the world) and Lake Malawi (definitely the most beautiful and with the world’s highest concentration of cichlid fish species). Throw in a number of significant rivers which all flow into the Indian Ocean, and it is little wonder that this fertile country is teeming with wildlife.
|Land||The country of Tanzania covers 945,087 sq km (364,900 sq miles) and is located just below the equator on the east coast of Africa. It is bordered by Kenya and Uganda to the north, Rwanda, Burundi and the Republic of the Congo to the west and Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique to the south. The Indian Ocean lies to the east. The Rift Valley runs through the country north to south. See our Tanzania map for a more detailed view.|
|People, Culture and Language||Tanzania has a population of 39.3 million and includes a mix of people, although the majority are of Bantu stock. There is relative harmony between the different ethnic groups, some of which include the Masaai, Hadzapi, Chagga and Gogo. Music is big here and the Tanzanian musicians have become some of the best artists in East Africa. The music includes a mix of outside and original Tanzanian culture. KiSwahili is the official language, although English is widely spoken. The term Swahili normally refers to the people while Kiswahili refers to the language. The popular religions here are Muslim, Christian, Hindu and African traditional beliefs.|
|Cuisine||Tanzanian cuisine has been largely influenced by Indian cuisine, since a large proportion of Khoja Indians migrated into Tanzania. It is unique and widely varied. For most Tanzanians, no meal is complete without a staple carbohydrate. Along the coast (Dar-es-salaam, Tanga, Bagamoyo, Zanzibar and Pemba), spicy foods are popular. In the mainland, common foods include rice, maize porridge, marinated beef, fish, Pilau and Biryani and vegetables such as okra, green peas, beans and cassava leaves. They snack on bread rolls, kebabs, samoosa, rice bread and patties and more. There are different local beverages for the various regions.|
|Wildlife||This prime game viewing country is considered to offer the finest safari experiences and wildlife spectacles anywhere on the planet. It has 40 national parks and game reserves, with 310 mammal species (including the Big 5), 960 species of birds and many amphibians and reptiles.|
|Climate and when to visit||Tanzania has a tropical climate with variations depending on altitude. In the higher regions temperatures can range from 10-20°C throughout the year whereas in the lower regions temperatures rarely fall beneath 20°C. Humidity increases closer to the coastal regions. The hottest period tends to be from November to February. The two main rainy seasons are between March to May and October and February.|
|Currency||The Tanzanian shilling is freely exchangeable. Most major facilities accept major credit cards; Visa and Master Card are the most widely accepted.|
|Vaccinations and Malaria||Vaccine recommendations are based on the best available risk information. Please note that the level of risk for vaccine-preventable diseases can change at any time. See a health-care provider at least 4–6 weeks before your trip to allow time for your vaccines to take effect and to start taking medicine to prevent malaria. The risk of malaria here is moderate but it is advised that you take a prescription antimalarial drug, use insect repellent, wear long pants and sleeves to prevent bites, and sleep in well-screened rooms. You are required to get a yellow fever vaccination as you may be asked for a certificate after departing Tanzania and arriving at other destinations.|
|Visa Requirements||Ordinary/ Tourist Visas can be acquired from any Tanzanian embassy, granting tourists/ visitors authorization to enter the country through designated entry points on the border, airports and harbour stations. However, a person coming from a country with no access to a Tanzanian embassy or where it is reasonably distant shall be issued a visa at the entry points in Tanzania on arrival.|
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